Tag Archives: ammonia

Dog Poisons May Be In and Around Your Home

by Keith Somers  /  Like Keith & Dog Wonders on Facebook

Make Your Home Safe from
Dog Poisons

Dog poisons must be kept locked up or out of reach.  You are  there-by making your home and grounds safe for your companion animals.  Home should be the safest place in the world for your dog.  But it can also be the most dangerous.  Only you and your family can make the difference.

Dog Poisons

If you suspect your dog
has ingested any of these dangerous items,
call your teterinarian or emergency clinic

Dog Poisons In Foods

Most dogs love to eat table scraps, what is left on the counter (“counter surfers”), what they see your eat, and discarded food in trash cans.  Be sure that the following dog poison foods are never accessible to your dog:

  • raw bread dough – results in bloat (GDV), twisted stomach, hyportension (low blood pressure);
  • grapes and raisins – extremely toxic and can result in kidney failure;
  • hops, plugs or pellets – mild to severe toxicity, including malignant hyperthermia;
  • moldy food – moderate to severe toxicity, resulting in seizures and sever hyperthermia;
  • macadamia nuts – mild to moderate toxicity, effecting nerve functions in muscle fibers;
  • xylitol – a natural sugar-free sweetener.  Xylitol can cause an acute, life-threatening low blood sugar, and liver failure;
  • onions and garlic – a super-radical that destroys red blood cells;
  • chocolate (especially dark/Baker’s) – This can result in cardiac and pancreatitis problems from chemical toxicity;
  • candy wrappers – when dogs eat candy they usually eat wrapper and all.   Wrappers can cause life-threatening bowel obstruction which may require surgical intervention;
  • left-over fatty meat scraps – can produce pancreatitis, vomiting and bloody diarrhea.
Dog Poisons Indoors

Many of the following dog poisons can be lethal to your dog.   Keep these items locked up, or do not keep them at all:

  • Drano/Liquid Plumber
  • slug and snail bait – very toxic to dogs, treatment must be quickly and aggressively implemented;
  • rodent poisons – those containing strychnine and zinc phosphide are the most deadly—a life-threatening emergency;
  • mole and gopher bait – zink phosphide and bromethain are active and have no known antidote;
  • ammonia – burns mucous membranes and contributes to asthma.  When ammonia is mixed with bleach it creates a poisonous gas which can be deadly to small dogs and other pets;
  • mothballs – contain paradichlorobenzene, naphthalene, or naphthalene—all deadly;
  • chlorine – used in disinfectants, toilet bowl cleaners, automatic dish detergents, swimming pools.   Chlorine causes dizziness, vomiting and laryngeal edema in some dogs;
  • glycol ethers – used in many cleaning products to clean glass, carpets, including spot removers, and toilet bowls.   Glycol ethers are linked to anemia, lung and kidney damage in dogs;
  • formaldehyde – used in soaps and some dog shampoos.   Formaldehyde contributes to asthma and is carcinogenic;
  • Easter grass and Christmas tinsel – ingested and unable to pass through the intestines, it can result in a linear foreign body and cause severe damage to the intestinal tract.   This often requires expensive abdominal surgery;
  • ALL medications, canine and human – over the counter, prescriptions, vitamins—can range from mild, to severe, to life-threatening.
Dog Poisons Outdoors

Many of the following dog poisons are potentially toxic to dogs.  Keep them labeled, tightly sealed, and out of reach:

  • antifreeze (sweet-tasting ethylene glycol).   A tablespoon full can result in acute kidney failure, coma, or death;
  • windshield cleaner, including windshield washer solution – may contain methanol, a toxic alcohol similar to ethylene glycol;
  • cocoa bean mulch – mild toxicity, until chocolate aroma has dissipated after a heavy rain;
  • fertilizer and plant food – mild to moderate toxicity, can contain pesticides;
  • pesticides/insecticides – typically of low toxicity;
  • rodent poisons – those containing strychnine and zinc phosphide are the most deadly.   Such “cides” are always a life-threatening emergency;
  • de-icing salts, any salt, ocean water (picked up on paws and licked off) – moderate to life-threatening toxicity, severe hypernatremis (salt-poisoning).   Do keep fresh water available while on the beach;
  • compost piles – should never contain dairy or meat products and should be contained, covered and fenced-off to protect your pets and wildlife.   They can contain serious toxins;
  • slug and snail bait – very toxic to dogs, treatment must be quickly and aggressively implemented;
  • mole and gopher bait – zink phosphide and bromethain are active and have no known antidote.   They are very dangerous.
Dog Poisons In Plants

The following plants, bulbs, flowers, and pollen are dog poisons  and can be seriously lethal to dogs:

  • Crocus – especially Autumn Crocus
  • Azalea
  • Cyclamen
  • Kalanchoe
  • Lilies – here are the most dangerous varieties: Tiger, Day, Asiatic, Easter, and Japanese Show; no effective antidote;
  • Oleander
  • Dieffenbachia
  • Daffodils
  • Lily of the Valley
  • Sago Palm
  • Tulips
  • Hyacinthas
  • Holly
  • Mistletoe

NOTE:  There are other dog poisons that could be included in these lists.  The effects of some of the toxic items on the list may vary greatly with the breed of dog and even dogs within the same breed.  For example:  we have had two dachshunds who loved chocolate—with absolutely no adverse effect on either of them.*

If you have a question, as always, talk to your veterinarian!

* Many Christmases ago, there was a wrapped box of chocolates placed under our Christmas tree.   It was to be opened on Christmas day by the humans in our house.  One day while we were gone, our doxie found it, unwrapped it, opened it and ate all she wanted.  Then she very carefully “buried” one chocolate in each corner of each cushion on our couch, and every easy chair in our living room.   She knew that she could go to her stash later and enjoy another chocolate or two!


Keith Somers
is a registered Independent Field Representative
of Life’s Abundance products
and the Healthy PetNet Foundation